Ecotourism means tourism
involving travel to areas of natural or
ecological interest, typically under the guidance of a naturalist, for
purpose of observing wildlife and learning about the environment.
Nepal is a country of
central Asia in the Himalaya Mountains between India
and southwest China. Site of a flourishing civilization by the 4th
A.D., the region was later divided into principalities, one of which,
became dominant in the 18th century. Gurkha's expansion into northern
to border wars with Great Britain. A 1923 treaty affirmed Nepal's full
sovereignty, and a constitutional monarchy was established in 1951.
the capital and the largest city. Population: 27,000,000.
comprises three major areas. The south, known as the
Terai, is a comparatively low region of cultivable land, swamps, and
that provide valuable timber. In the north is the main section of the
Himalayas, including Mt. Everest (8,856 m), the world's highest peak.
major rivers, which rise in Tibet, rush through deep Himalayan gorges.
central Nepal, where there are moderately high mountains, the Katmandu
or Valley of Nepal, the country's most densely populated region and its
administrative, economic, and cultural center. Nepal's railroads,
with lines in India, do not reach the valley, which is served by a
a bridgelike cable line. There are a few other modern highways.
The population of Nepal is
the result of a long intermingling of
Mongolians, who migrated from the north (especially Tibet), and peoples
came from the Ganges plain in the south. The chief ethnic group, the
were probably the original inhabitants of the Katmandu valley. Several
groups are classified together as Bhotias; among them are the Sherpas,
for guiding mountain-climbing expeditions, and the Gurkhas, a term
loosely applied to the fighting castes, who achieved fame in the
army and continue to serve as mercenaries in India's army and in the
overseas forces. Nepali, the country's official language, is an
language and has similarities to Hindi. Tibeto-Burman languages, Munda
languages, and various Indo-Aryan dialects are also spoken. Nepal has a
low literacy rate of 40% for men and 15% for women. About 90% of the
Hindu, and there are small minorities of Tibetan Buddhists and Muslims.
and caste distinctions are still important, and Brahmins (the Hindu
class) retain great political influence. The royal family is Hindu. The
entrenched caste system and rural poverty provided fertile ground for
Maoist insurgency that began in the 1990s.
The tourism boom in Nepal,
as in other countries, has had a mixed blessing.
It has generated a sizeable share of Nepal's foreign currency revenue
people in the tourist destinations have experienced an improvement in
standard of living.
Tourist numbers started at
a mere 2,500 in 1960 to over 162, 870 by
1960 = estimated
1970 = estimated 5,
1980 = est. 190,
1990 = est. 270,
1995 = est. 390,
1996 = est. 400,
1998 = est. 470,
1999 = est. 500,
2000 = est. 490,
2001 = est. 390,
2002 = est. 300, 000
In numerous places,
trekking groups have left littered trails and degraded
forest in their wake. Against this alarming backdrop, the practice of
ecologically friendly-tourism has been gaining increased momentum
¨C both in
Nepal and around the World. Our approach to tourism seeks not only to
the environment and culture of a tourist destination but also to be of
to the local population¡. By fostering environmental
awareness, both among
locals & visitors and by linking tourism to social and economic
development, it is possible to preserve the natural and cultural
heritage of an
area through the promotion of sustainable tourism. This not only
positive experience of those on holiday it also helps to increase the
of living of the local residents. Such a lot has been said about
environmentally friendly tourism and no doubt a lot more will be. We
without hesitation that we have, along with a few other trekking
Nepal led the way in responsible tours to our Kingdom.
Ecotourism is a rapidly
expanding part of the worldwide tourist industry.
An important aspect of all eco-tourism operations is education.
given the opportunity to learn about the local environment, or a
aspect of the natural flora, fauna or landscape. Ecotourism also
people about other cultures, especially the ways indigenous cultures
the natural environment.
Nepal is 147, 181 km2 which
is 0.03% of the worlds land mass .The country
consists of 5 physiographical regions; High Himalayan Terrain (23% of
The Forested High Mountains (20% of Nepal), Middle Mountains of Central
(30% of Nepal), Siwaliks or Foothills (13% of Nepal), and The Tropical
(14% of Nepal)