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INFORMATION ON

MOUNTAINS

How are mountains formed?
When two pieces of the earth's crust into each other, the land can be forced upwards, creating mountains.

What if the world has no mountains?
The world will be a flat dull surface without mountains. Mountains cover approxiametley one fifth of the earth's surface and are found on all continets and even under the sea.

Different types of mountains:
Highest mountains in the world above sea level:

MOUNTAIN PEAK

RANGE
LOCATION
HEIGHT IN FEET
HEIGHT IN METRES
Everest
Himalayas
Nepal/Tibet
29035
8850
K2 (Godwin Austen)
Karakoram
Pakistan/China
28250
8611
Kanchenjunga
Himalayas
India/Nepal
28169
8586
Lhotse I
Himalayas
Nepal/Tibet
27940
8516
Makalu I
Himalayas
Nepal/Tibet
27766
8463
Cho Oyu
Himalayas
Nepal/Tibet
26906
8201
Dhaulagiri
Himalayas
Nepal
26795
8167
Manaslu I
Himalayas
Nepal
26781
8163
Nanga Parbat
Himalayas
Pakistan
26660
8125
Annapurna
Himalayas
Nepal
26545
8091

Some of the world's mountains ranges:
Himalayas:
The Himalayas is the tallest mountain range in the world. The Himalaya, literally translated to The Land Of Snow, is the greatest mountain system in Asia. It is home to the highes mountain ranges. They from a 1500 milebroad crescent through Northeastern Pakistan, Northern India, Southern Tibet, Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan. Even though the Himalayas is the largest mountain range on earth, it is still one of the youngest.

Alps:
The Alps is a vast mountain range in Europe, extending over 600 miles through South France, North Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, Austria and Solvenia. The Alps has a lot of ice and glaciers. There are some mountains which extend to over 12000 feet. Mont Blanc is the Alps' higest mountain at 15771 feet.

Rockies:
The Rockies is a mountain range in Western North America, extending through Canadaand New Mexico, from north to south.

Andes:
The Andes mountain range is one of the longest and higest mountain ranges in the world. The Andes is located in South America and go for 4500 miles north to south and it runs along the west coast of South America. The Andes are the second higest mountain range in the world (Himalayas the first) with many peaks going over 20000 feet.

Quick facts on mountains:
The world's tallest mountain:
At 29,029ft (8,848m) Everest is the highest mountain in the world, but measured from top to bottom, below sea level, Mauna Kea beats Everest by 4436 ft. (over 3/4 of a mile).Although Mount Everest, at 29,029 feet tall, is often called the tallest mountain; Mauna Kea, an inactive volcano on the island of Hawaii is actually taller. Only 13,796 feet of Mauna Kea stands above sea level, however, if you measure it from its base, which is below sea level, it is 33,465 feet. If you stand Mauna Kea and Mount Everest next to each other, Mount Kea would be 4400 feet taller.

Climate and mountains:
Mountains have the power to affect the climate of the land nearby. Mountains can block rain, so one side of the mountain may be flooded and the other side may be as dry as a bone. Mountains height may make for colder weather all year round. This means that different plants and animals live on different mountains. The weather in mountains change rapidly. It may be a prefect clear day but in a few minutes, there might be thunderstorms and huge rains. The temperature may be extremely hot but in a few hours it may turn into an extremely cold temperature.

Wildlife:
Animal life in mountains:
High mountains are bad for animals as the climate is cold and there is very little food. Mammals that live on mountains have adapted to the cold climate and usually have thick fur. Mountain sheep and goats are very sure footed to the jagged slopes of the mountains.

Animals in the Himalayas:
The Himalayas is home to some endangered species such as Bengal tigers, one-horned rhinoceros, gharial crocodiles, musk deer, wild yak, red panda, snow leopard and Himalayan black bear.

More facts on mountains:

How do mountains affect people who live near them?
Mountains can make travel difficult:
Mountains are very difficult to cross as there are many hinderences such as forests which are packed with bears and wolvers. There is no natural path or easy areas to cross mountains. Mountains can be very hard to climb as there may be ice and glaciers. All this means that crossing mountains to trade goods or fight in a war is very difficult to do. Sometimes, people who live near mountains feel very isolated from the rest of the world as it is difficult to travel across mountains.

Mountains can bring tourism:
Mountains can be a place for leisure activities. Many people like to ski on mountains. Others like to climb mountains. Some people just want to go to the mountains to take photos and memories of their outstanding beauty. Many mountain towns depend on tourism to support them financially. Pople in mountain towns provide tourists with food and experience. This is certainly a form of fair trade.

Mountains and people:
It is estimate that a tenth of the wolrd's population lives in mountain areas. That is around half a billion people.

Volcanoes:
Some mountains are volcanoes.
There are more than 850 active volcanoes on the Earth we currently know of, 80 or so of which are under the oceans. They can have a very serious effect on the lands and people around them when they erupt. People can get used to living near a volcano, but it is always a little dangerous. People set up homes on the slopes of volcanoes because of the rich, fertile soil produced.


Mounatains around the world:
Here are a few mountains around the world.
Nepal:
Argentina:
Britain:
Greece:
Japan:
Turkey:
Tanzania:
Kenya:
Australia:


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