How are mountains formed?
pieces of the earth's crust into each other, the land can be forced
upwards, creating mountains.
What if the world has no mountains?
The world will be a flat dull surface without mountains. Mountains
cover approxiametley one fifth of the earth's surface and are found on
all continets and even under the sea.
Different types of mountains:
Highest mountains in the world above sea level:
- Dome mountains
- Fold mountains
- Fault block mountains
- Volcanic mountains
- Plateau mountains
Some of the world's mountains
The Himalayas is the tallest mountain range in
the world. The Himalaya, literally translated to The Land Of Snow, is
the greatest mountain system in Asia. It is home to the highes mountain
ranges. They from a 1500 milebroad crescent through Northeastern
Pakistan, Northern India, Southern Tibet, Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan.
Even though the Himalayas is the largest mountain range on earth, it is
still one of the youngest.
The Alps is a vast mountain range in Europe, extending over 600 miles
through South France, North Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany,
Austria and Solvenia. The Alps has a lot of ice and glaciers. There are
some mountains which extend to over 12000 feet. Mont Blanc is the Alps'
higest mountain at 15771 feet.
The Rockies is a mountain range in Western North America, extending
through Canadaand New Mexico, from north to south.
The Andes mountain range is one of the longest and higest mountain
ranges in the world. The Andes is located in South America and go for
4500 miles north to south and it runs along the west coast of South
America. The Andes are the second higest mountain range in the world
(Himalayas the first) with many peaks going over 20000 feet.
Quick facts on mountains:
The world's tallest mountain:
- Mountains make up one fifth of the world and provide
one tenth of people's homes.
- When two pieces of the earth's crust collide, it forms
- There are even mountains under the sea.
- Mountains are more frequent under the sea than on land.
Infact, some islands are the peaks of mountains.
- The highest 14 mountains are all found in the Himalayas.
- Approxiametely 80% our our fresh water is originated
- All mountains have one characteristic in common - rapid
changes in altitude, climate, soil and vegetation. It is done in only a
At 29,029ft (8,848m) Everest
is the highest mountain in the world,
but measured from top to bottom, below sea level, Mauna Kea beats
4436 ft. (over 3/4 of
a mile).Although Mount Everest,
at 29,029 feet tall, is often called the tallest mountain; Mauna Kea,
an inactive volcano on the island of Hawaii is actually taller. Only
feet of Mauna Kea stands above sea level, however, if you measure it
base, which is below sea level, it is 33,465 feet. If you stand Mauna
Mount Everest next to each other, Mount Kea would be 4400 feet taller.
Climate and mountains:
Mountains have the power to affect the climate of the land nearby.
Mountains can block rain, so one side of the mountain may be flooded
and the other side may be as dry as a bone. Mountains height may make
for colder weather all year round. This means that different plants and
animals live on different mountains. The weather in mountains change
rapidly. It may be a prefect clear day but in a few minutes, there
might be thunderstorms and huge rains. The temperature may be extremely
hot but in a few hours it may turn into an extremely cold temperature.
Animal life in mountains:
High mountains are bad for animals as the climate is cold and there is
very little food. Mammals that live on mountains have adapted to the
cold climate and usually have thick fur. Mountain sheep and goats are
very sure footed to the jagged slopes of the mountains.
Animals in the Himalayas:
The Himalayas is home to some endangered species such as Bengal tigers,
one-horned rhinoceros, gharial crocodiles, musk deer, wild yak, red
panda, snow leopard
and Himalayan black bear.
More facts on mountains:
How do mountains affect people who live near them?
- Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in England.
- Plants that are common in mountains include conifers,
oak, chestnut, maple, junipers, stonecrops, campions, mosses, ferns and
- In some mountanious areas, rivers are permanently
frozen. These are called glaciers.
Mountains can make travel difficult:
Mountains are very difficult to cross as there are many hinderences
such as forests which are packed with bears and wolvers. There is no
natural path or easy areas to cross mountains. Mountains can be very
hard to climb as there may be ice and glaciers. All this means that
crossing mountains to trade goods or fight in a war is very difficult
to do. Sometimes, people who live near mountains feel very isolated
from the rest of the world as it is difficult to travel across
Mountains can bring tourism:
Mountains can be a place for leisure activities. Many people like to
ski on mountains. Others like to climb mountains. Some people just want
to go to the mountains to take photos and memories of their outstanding
beauty. Many mountain towns depend on tourism to support them
financially. Pople in mountain towns provide tourists with food and
experience. This is certainly a form of fair trade.
Mountains and people:
It is estimate that a tenth of the wolrd's population lives in mountain
areas. That is around half a billion people.
Some mountains are volcanoes. There
are more than 850 active volcanoes on the Earth we currently know of,
80 or so
of which are under the oceans. They can have a very serious effect on
the lands and
people around them when they erupt. People can get used to living near
volcano, but it is always a little dangerous. People set up homes on the
volcanoes because of the
rich, fertile soil produced.
Mounatains around the world:
Here are a few mountains around the world.
- Ben Nevis
- Scafell Pike
- Kinder Scout
- Mount Kosciuszko
- Mount Bruce.